Navin olympic khel (Modren Olympic Games) were started in 1896 at Athens
The Olympic Games are about 3,000 years old and were named after the ancient Greek city of Olympia. Historical documents of Greece show that this great sports fair was held in this city for the first time in the year 776 BC, ie 2797 years before today. The modern Olympic Games, known as the Modern Olympics, are credited with the birth of Pierre Coubertin, a wealthy French educationist, historian, and political figure. Born in 1863, Kuberton, in his youth, raised his voice in 1892, according to the ancient Greek tradition, to hold international sports competitions every four years.
In ancient Greece, games were held every 4 years in honor of the deity:
According to various historians, in Greece at that time national competitions were held every four years. These games were the main attraction of large religious ceremonies held in Greece to worship the most revered deity. However, in those days, instead of competitions like hockey, basketball, tennis, badminton, there were other traditional competitions like archery, fencing, shooting, javelin throwing, boxing and wrestling besides horse races and long distance races. Competitions that were directly related to martial arts and physical prowess, and most of the winners were usually warriors serving in one state’s army. According to historical documents, small sports competitions were attended by players from 10-20 major cities or regions but the main competition, which took place four years later, was attended by thousands of players from more than 100 cities or regions.
Most countries in the European region have been embroiled in wars for nearly 800 years. During these eight centuries, many empires sprang up and disappeared in Europe. Of these, the rulers of the Roman Empire of Italy are considered to be the most powerful and ferocious. These victorious kings and emperors badly destroyed the sports system in the various countries under their control. The stadiums were demolished or the games were banned, leaving the maintenance in ruins. According to popular mythology and some historical references, when the Roman Empire invaded Greece, the Roman Emperor Theodosius I banned these games in Greece, thinking that athletes taking part in them would be wartime. The warriors could be the cause of a strong army of warriors that could be a headache for the Roman Empire in the future. The tyranny of these tyrants was so great that the games did not begin long after the fall of the Roman Empire.
Pierre Coubertin is said to be the father of the modern Olympic Games:
In the middle of the 19th century, in 1865-66, efforts were made by some sports enthusiasts to revive the Olympic Games. Efforts were also started to rebuild the historic stadium, which had been desolate and ruined for centuries, began in 1870, but due to the high cost and lack of interest in sports by the rulers of the time, the efforts of sports enthusiasts could not succeed for decades.
Then all of a sudden in 1892, Pierre Coubertin raised his voice for the first time to revive the Games. Due to Pierre’s own wealth and political influence, sports enthusiasts hoped that the Games would start. But for almost two years, only formal discussions on the issue have been going on in various places. But Pierre was also a firm believer and wanted to make young Frenchmen into strong-willed adventurers, so he spoke out in favor of sports wherever he could.
In 1894, at an international conference in Paris, France, Pierre Coubertin introduced a resolution to revive the Olympic Games. However, Pierre’s resolution was unanimously accepted by 79 delegates from nine countries, and it was decided to set up an International Olympic Committee to oversee the Games, draft rules, and other issues. Pierre Coubertin was unanimously elected chairman of the committee, the longest in Olympic history, from 1894 to 1925, for a total of 31 years.
At its next meeting, the newly formed International Olympic Committee unanimously decided that the first Games should be held in Athens, the capital of Greece, as the Games had a Greek background. After nearly two years of preparation, the Games were finally held in Athens from 6 to 15 April 1896, with about 250 athletes from 12 countries taking part. However, according to some sports writers, about 280 players from 13 countries took part in the first Games.